Rainwater Harvesting Brings Clean Water

rainwater harvesting Odisha is one of India’s poorest states, with a huge tribal population living on less than 50 Indian rupees or INR (about 90 U.S. cents) a day. Dumeerjore is a remote village in the Balangir district of Odisha, where Compassion ministers to 305 children and their families in partnership with a local church.

Sixty-one percent of the district’s population lives below poverty level, and about 30 percent are undernourished. The economy of the region is agrarian, with 75 percent of the area dependent on rainfall, 80 percent of which comes from monsoon rains between June and September.

The district has suffered from four major droughts in the last hundred years, with drought frequency increasing since the 1980s. Deficit rainfall and variation of its distribution have resulted in frequent crop loss for the tribal people, forcing them to migrate to other states for work at brick kilns and constructions sites.

Common health problems the children and families struggle with include anemia, sickle cell disease, malaria, tuberculosis, jaundice and diarrhea. Tribal people typically do not seek treatment from physicians, relying instead on self-appointed healers and “witch doctors.”

In recent years, water scarcity has become a bigger problem in Odisha villages. Scanty and erratic rainfall has led to a rapid decline in the number of traditional water bodies in Dumeerjore and other villages in the Balangir district.

rainwater harvesting pump

The development center in Dumeerjore did not previously have the means to store water for future use. Every year during summer, the water level went down, making it difficult to simultaneously provide for the needs of children and kitchen staff using a single hand pump. The kitchen staff had to come early to fill up water in drums for cooking, and they had to stay late after the center’s activities ended to wash plates and make arrangements for the following day.

The center faced a big challenge simply conducting regular activities, because the single hand pump was not sufficient to meet 305 children’s needs. When the temperature soared, the community hand pumps dried up.

Children sometimes accompanied their parents to fetch water causing them to miss center activities and school. This not only affected their cognitive development but also their health.

In consultation with the partnership facilitator, the center wrote a proposal for rainwater harvesting to combat the recurrent water scarcity they faced every summer.

The center deliberately chose rainwater harvesting structure over a bore well and submersible jet pumps because the water level of the area is unpredictable. Besides, there is lot of iron content in the ground water. Rainwater is pure and natural and, if preserved, it becomes useful and is good for health.

The rainwater harvesting structure implemented at the center has a far-reaching impact on the children and their parents, as well as at the government level. This facility is the first of its kind in the entire district, and it has attracted the attention of government officials who visited the center to understand the concept. They were so impressed, they made plans to replicate the structure in other villages to mitigate the water scarcity faced in the district.

rainwater harvesting structure

The center conducted community training to educate local tribal members and villagers on how to preserve rainwater for future use and how to take care of the traditional water harvesting structures.

India, a large country, presents a big challenge for government welfare programs trying to reach remote tribal villages. Compassion’s partnership with the local churches and its Complementary Interventions have supported implementing church partners to extend their help to impoverished communities and stand in the gap for needs the government programs have not been able to meet.

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